Wisdom teeth removal is a common happening within teenagers and young adults. It is a significant surgical procedure that requires a considerable amount of care and recovery time. So, before heading to an appointment, it is good to learn a few important things about removing your wisdom teeth.
Wisdom Teeth Removal (Extraction) Things You Should Know
Wisdom teeth removal is a common term. Each year hundreds of thousand wisdom teeth are extracted across the globe. Nevertheless, many people have very little knowledge about it. Why do they appear? Why it is required to be removed? What aftercare you should follow after the surgery? Here is what you should know about the wisdom teeth removal procedure.
About Wisdom Teeth
Wisdom teeth are the set of four new teeth that erupt during the late teens or early twenties. They are the third and final set of molars that are located in the back end of your mouth. The usual age of getting this set of molars is between 17 and 24. For our modern mouths, wisdom teeth refer to a set of hurdles due to the lack of space available for them to grow.
It is said that wisdom teeth were of great use for the prehistoric humans whose usual diet was raw leaves, meat, roots, and nuts. Subsequently, new ways of eating food were discovered. Now we consume cooked food and use suitable utensils to crush, mash, or cut it into edible pieces. Following the evolution, modern mouths don’t require wisdom teeth anymore.
Circumstances for Extracting the Wisdom Tooth
With the change in our modern diet, our jawline also changed. For many modern mouths, wisdom teeth have never got any message. Our downsized modern mouths don’t have enough room to fit a new set of four teeth at the end of the jawline. Nevertheless, the majority of people still have them grown. Getting wisdom teeth is the one step of human development that evolves with no or meager pain for some whereas for many it is a dreaded experience.
Impacted or Partially Impacted – A wisdom tooth that doesn’t break through the gums is known as the impacted wisdom tooth; whereas one that grows partly is referred to as partially impacted wisdom tooth. The tooth, in both cases, grows at an angle due to the lack of space in the modern jawline. This skewed tooth further becomes the only source of various issues like-
- Severe pain in the jaw end
- Food Traps
- Damages to other surrounding teeth and jaw bone
- Bacterial infection along with the gap in the gum line
- Cyst around the wisdom tooth
If the impacted wisdom tooth is resulting in severe pain and/or damage removing your wisdom teeth is the only recommended treatment. Only a dentist can tell you the exact condition of your wisdom teeth and can further recommend the right treatment. So, regular dental exams are vital. Contact your dentist and schedule an appointment immediately after you notice any of the symptoms mentioned here.
- Pain in Jaws
- Trouble opening your mouth
- Red or swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Swelling around the jaw
Impacted wisdom teeth are expertly recommended to be removed when the root growth is between 1/3 and 2/3. Ignoring the fact can risk your treatment with complications like an injury to the nerves and sinuses. Based on your complexity, the clinical procedure for impacted wisdom teeth can be either performed by your dentist or a reliable oral surgeon. The wisdom tooth removal procedure consists of the bone removal that is blocking access to the tooth bone. The procedure further follows tooth extraction. Stitches are also included if necessary. Also, to ensure that the surgery doesn’t hurt you will be given local or general anesthesia.
Wisdom Teeth Removal Aftercare
The aftercare or say the recovery procedure after removing wisdom teeth is utterly difficult. At an initial stage, have someone with you on the day of surgery to drive you home after the procedure. Self-driving can risk your life since you will be given anesthesia before surgery and you will be not in the shape to drive for a considerable amount of hours. Secondly, for the next recommended days you will need to take little care for the quick recovery.
Ice Packs – For the next three to four days you may experience swelling and pain. You may also feel weak. Use ice packs to minimize swelling. When the pain is severed you can take medication as prescribed by the dentist. The gauze provided by the dentist will help control the bleeding.
Right Diet – After wisdom teeth surgery, choose the right food that is not only nourishing but also comfortable to chew. Most preferably, eat soft meals for a few days or as instructed by the doctor. Avoid consuming extremely spicy and hot meals during the initial days of the recovery period.
Avoid some Activities – After the procedure, you will need to avoid some activities. If not stitched, the hole in your jaw will take several days to close completely. Not maintaining the aftercare rule you can develop other painful dental conditions – dry socket.
After the wisdom tooth is removed, a blood clot will develop in the gum hole; this is also referred to as a socket. The blood clot developed protects the bare bone and nerves. Not following the right instructions, the clot can dislodge or dissolve in a few days after surgery and leave the bone and nerves open to get trapped with food, fluids, and bacteria.
To prevent dry socket after wisdom tooth extraction, avoid some activities for a few days as recommended by your dentist.
- Making use of straw
- Difficult exercise, and
Consult your Dentist
Getting nervous about the procedure? Your dentist is the best resource to reach out to. Schedule an appointment today and have a word with the expert about your specific concerns. Removing a wisdom tooth can make you anxious but indeed you are not the only person do experience the procedure. Your dentist – Dr. Farshidi will give you the right advice and help you get through the entire procedure smoothly.